This can make beneficence difficult to identify within research proposals. Benjamin J. Landis MD, Matthew T. Lisi MD, in Critical Heart Disease in Infants and Children (Third Edition), 2019. Individually, posting teaching materials within an electronic patient portal is one example of beneficence. The antonym of this term, maleficence, describes a practice which opposes the welfare of any research participant. For example, when deciding whether to use extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for a desperately ill infant with a diaphragmatic hernia, you must consider the possibility that the technology will extend the life of the baby only by several days but may cause discomfort to implement and maintain; that is, no long-term benefit will accrue to balance the burden of the procedure. This makes the concept of "first do no harm" different from the other aspects of beneficence. Contributors: The principles obligate professionals to … Beneficence is an important consideration in that it mirrors the altruistic nature of the voluntary nature of participation in human research. Research Ethics Monthly. At least two items are added to the library every month. Beneficence implies action of “kindness, mercy, or charity”18,22 toward others. Beneficence is the provision of benefits over and above the costs associated with the burdens of research. Beneficence contrasts with nonmaleficence. However, we will only publish debate about the issues that the items raise and expect that all contributors model ethical and respectful practice. Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Beneficence_(ethics)&oldid=931373621, Articles that may contain original research from January 2015, All articles that may contain original research, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, one should not practice evil or do harm, often stated in, This page was last edited on 18 December 2019, at 14:51. Ian Pieper, AHRECS Consultant, Ian’s AHRECS profile Similar reasoning might apply to cases of malignancy for which chemotherapy and other treatments have no or little likelihood of producing a cure or substantial life prolongation, whereas the treatments impose burdens, such as nausea, itching, extreme fatigue, and high risk of infection. Ramona Hicks, in Handbook of Clinical Neurology, 2015. Beneficence contrasts with nonmaleficence. Pieper, I. read more…. The articles were originally published in the Monash Bioethics Review and remain available to subscription holders to that journal. When food or medications are in short supply (e.g., in an underserved location), decision makers must choose who should receive these resources and whom should be denied. Nonmaleficence also applies to omissions, and the ethical duty to try and prevent harm that could be incurred by the client.34,35 When applied to CAM, these ethical principles can be interpreted to require health care providers to be knowledgeable about the risks and benefits of CAM and to openly discuss their client's use of CAM.35 Not surprisingly, the behaviors recommended to reduce malpractice liability risk are consistent with the ethical principles of beneficence and nonmaleficence.

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