Nice soft fruit character with dry crisp finish. Aromas of ripe berry and fruit are emphasized while respecting pepper and spicy notes. Lalvin BM4x4 is a blend of Lalvin yeasts that will bring out the best in both red and white wines.

Lalvin Bourgovin RC212 yeast was selected by the Bureau Interprofessionnel des Vins de Bourgogne, and was developed for red wines with color and structure. You do the thinking, we’ll do the reading. Not to say D47 is a bad choice at all, both will give similar results and will result in a dry cider. The selection was designed to isolate yeasts that would produce a fruity yet fresh character in wine that would live long after fermentation.The 71B strain is a rapid starter with a constant and complete fermentation between 15° and 30°C (59° and 86°F) that has the ability to metabolize high amounts (20% to 40%) of malic acid. This strain will not ferment to a dryness at the low end of the range, leaving residual sugar resulting in a sweeter wine. Don't miss a thing!

A strong fermenter and produces full-bodied red wines.

To this end, he developed the following recipe: At first glance, this is a pretty simple recipe. Selected in Portugal by the University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD) in cooperation with the Viticultural Commission of the Vinho Verde region, Lalvin QA23™ is an excellent choice for wine styles like Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon, Chardonel, and Gewürztraminer.Lalvin QA23™ has low nutrient and oxygen requirements, and it has been known to ferment juice at low temperatures (15 °C/59 °F) to dryness. I can’t speak to the accuracy of that statement today, but it is a testament to the variety of meads that can be created from this single strain of yeast.

Although the yeast is still considered a “Power Performer” like 1116 and 1118, it is much more sensitive to its environment. I age mine for at least 4 months before kegging/bottling anyway, then a few months after that, so I don't know what it tastes like when young. The BM 45 was isolated as part of a research program in Montalcino, in the heart of the Tuscany region (Italy), and selected in collaboration with the consortium of Brunello di Montalcino wines and the Universita degli Studi di Siena. The staggered nutrients provide just enough at the growth phases of the yeast so that you don’t end up over feeding when it is not necessary. … Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Google+ (Opens in new window). First and foremost, mead is an alcoholic beverage. The must will react to the addition of your nutrients, possibly resulting in your must bubbling out the top of your carboy, otherwise known as a mead eruption accident (MEA). Whites, rose, mead. D47.

Alcohol 14%.

Lighter red varieties also benefit from the improved extraction while color stability is maintained throughout fermentation and aging. Rich flavor, creamy, fruity profile with nice dry finish and a hint of Riesling sweetness in the aftertaste. The natural fresh fruit aromas are retained longer than with other standard yeast strains. I use the EC 1118 yeast for my ciders, it produces a very clean but very dry cider.

Lalvin ICV D47™ yeast was selected from nature and has since been improved using the Lallemand proprietary process call YSEO®. While honey is high in sugar, it is generally low in the minerals your yeast require to reproduce and ferment alcohol. What’s kinda cool about this yeast is that it can metabolize malic acid turning it into ethenol.

QA23™ is an excellent thiol converter making it a complementary yeast for developing varietal Sauvignon Blanc passion fruit character.

Classic Bordeaux yeast for red wine fermentations. (Pricing for U.S. orders only), WineMaker Magazine 5515 Main Street Manchester Center, VT 05255 Phone: 802-362-3981, Download Tim Patterson’s Blending Spreadsheet. The amount of nutrient and energizer is up to you, but if you are not familiar with calculating the total yeast assimilable nitrogen (YAN) for your must, it is best to just follow the nutrient instructions.

Specifically, yeast require a significant amount of nitrogen in addition to trace minerals to support a healthy fermentation. Slow to moderate fermenter and foam producer.

Well suited for Chardonnay, Merlot, Syrah, Zinfandel and other dry, full bodied wines. To avoid this, you should always rack your mead off of the gross lees within 3 weeks of notices they have dropped out of suspension. RC-212 is a low foaming strain, ideal for temperatures between 20c and 30c, and has an alcohol tolerance of 16%. It is recommended for Chardonnay, Riesling, mead and cider, as well as fruit wines, particularly apple. When I toured Moonlight Meadery in 2011 the tour guide stated this was the only yeast used to create the myriad flavors available in the shop. There are many yeasts available to the modern meadmaker. Good for cool fermentations. This topic deserves a much longer explanation, but for now a 50/50 split at pitch and some time up to 48 hours after pitch is a good rule of thumb.

Good choice for restarting stuck fermentations. Produces distinct Riesling character. It is better to just avoid the high temperature than wait to have something drinkable.

Encourages development of varietal fruit flavors, balanced by complex aromas.

ICV-D47. Jammy, rich, very smooth complex profile, slightly vinous. QA23 is another of my current favorites – this time for whites!

Slight ester production, low sulfur dioxide production. product name, lalbin ec 1118,

71b is a fast fermenter that has an alcohol tolerance of 14%, and a wide temperature range of 15c – 30c.

Ferment side by side and treat similarly. Company Yeast Name Dry/ Liquid Temperature Range Alcohol Tolerance (%ABV) Description Lalvin 71B-1122 Narbonne Dry 59-86 °F (15-32 °C) 14% A semi-dry white wine yeast that will enhance fruit flavors and add fruity esters. This yeast contributes to a `fruit explosion` as some describe it, and gives a big mouthfeel, but is still a strong fermenter. This yeast was originally cultivated in the Narbonne region of France, and isolated to accentuate fruit flavors in wine.

Excellent for full-bodied red wines, ester production complements flavor.

Accentuates varietal character and contributes ripe tropical fruit and citrus notes. Pasteur Blanc is a neutral wine yeast intended for dry white wine and fruit wines. Let me know in the comments below! Selected by the Institut coopératif du vin in Montpellier among numerous killer strains isolated and studied by Pierre Barre at INRA, the K1V-1116 strain was the first competitive factor yeast to go into commercial production and has become one of the most widely used active dried wine yeasts in the world. A low foaming, vigorous and fast fermenter good for both reds and whites.

This yeast is usually forgiving when it comes to nutrient additions. Despite the name, this yeast SHOULD NOT be used in sparkling wines. Ensure that your fermentation space meets the requirements …

Moderate fermentation characteristics.

71B. Tolerates lower fermentation temperatures. Your email address will not be published.

Traditional strain used in Ginjo-shu production because of the yeast’s development of high fragrance components. It is also ideal for ciders and sparkling wines. Take your winemaking skills to the next level. Gives a dependable fermentation with increased mouthfeel, and enhances tobacco, cedar, leather and jam characteristics. It comes from the Burgundy region, making this a great choice for heavier Bordeaux-style red wines.

I would generally recommend starting with a 3 lb honey per gallon of must recipe, but my friend prefers sweeter alcohols based on cider tastings, so the 3% residual sweetness is probably a good starting point. Something to note – many articles indicate not to use this yeast to ferment grapes with residual sulfur dust. 71B-1122. One of the best choices for quality red wines. When adding your nutrients, it is a good idea to stir the must prior to the addition. JUICE and LIMITED GRAPES still available! It is just a traditional mead, but there are some important points to make about the recipe. Sake #9 used in conjunction with Koji for making wide variety of Asian Jius (rice based beverages). My question is, as the equation for TOSNA has N for a variable, which is dependent on the Nutrient of the yeast, what did you use in your calculations? Any wine yeast is going to leave you with very dry cider, since the sugar is (almost?) A slow fermenter that works best between 50 and 80 degrees. What beer/homebrew blogs/magazines do you read? It is also ideal for ciders and sparkling wines. It is a neutral yeast and does not impart any flavor, letting the juice speak for itself. Click on the image below to sign up for Airbnb, it began in 2008 and has been growing on trust and sharing ever since!

This can come in the form of fruit additions (this was the reason you added raisins in the JAO recipe), or more commonly just from yeast nutrient and energizer available from your local homebrew shop. First, you must, must, must pay attention to the temperature of your fermentation!

I know, it is always mentioned that when you open wine you should be worried about oxidation if you are storing the open bottle for any period of time.

An excellent choice for fruity wines. High nutrient requirement to avoid volatile acidity production. Eleven-Sixteen shares much of the same characteristics with Eleven-Eighteen (vigorous fermenter, high alcohol tolerance, etc). A very good fermenter with regular kinetics. Recommended for reds, whites and especially sparkling wines.

By no means is this list complete, so feel free to experiment with other yeasts you may read about.

Use additional nutrients for mead making.

This strain tolerates fermentation temperatures ranging from 15° to 20°C (59° to 68°F) and enhances mouthfeel due to complex carbohydrates. Some yeasts, like Lalvin 71b or Fleishmann’s Active Dry Bread Yeast, have wide temperature ranges and are generally forgiving of the temperature of the environment. Although it is very temperamental, it is well worth the work to use this yeast. This yeast will help any of these wines mature quickly – just be sure to add proper nutrients! How long did it take to ferment? This yeast is also well suited to full bodied whites and roses as well!

BM4X4 has a temperature range from 16c to 28c, with an alcohol tolerance of 16%. Ideal for Zinfandel, Pinot Noir, Syrah, or any high sugar must.

In whites, BM 4x4 releases a high level of esters responsible for fruit aromas.

I have not used either, but it seems the EC-1118 tends to remove the apple flavor, necessitating extended aging. Each yeast strain imparts its own flavor profile. the EC-1118 tends to remove the apple flavor, necessitating extended aging. Maybe you only want a session mead at 6% alcohol. Moderate fermentation speed.

Cote des Blancs is also known as Epernay II. We’d love to hear from our readers, so let us know in the comments section below. Generally, you should choose a mead yeast based on the following properties: alcohol tolerance, fermentation temperature, nutrient requirements, flavor profile, and flocculation tendencies. Their mead skills are so advanced. When choosing your yeast, make sure you have selected a yeast that will tolerate your planned alcohol content. It is more finicky than D47 though - fussier about temperature and sometimes does not clear well for me. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Lalvin Bourgovin RC212 . Vigorous fermentation. Here’s an up-to-date overview of the yeast strains these firms sell in small packages intended for home hobbyists, which is generally five grams for dry yeast packets and 35 to 175 mL for liquid vials or packets.

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