(Photo: Library and Archives Canada / C-008183). Read more. The Royal Charter of the Hudson’s Bay Company is granted by King Charles II of England, giving the company control of an area called Rupert’s Land, which accounts for one-third of present-day Canada. At the time of Canada’s colonization by the French and English, there were two major divisions of Cree; both were typical American Subarctic peoples. Native American tribes
More from our James Bay online exclusive:Travelling the James Bay RoadJames Bay damming project: Water under the damDam scienceRenewable energy: Wind versus water Climate change: Taking the heatCultural travelTolkien landscape: subarctic wilderness of northern QuebecA conversation with Matthew Coon ComeA brief history of CreeHow to speak Cree, Subscribe to Can Geo Today >Digital Edition >Our FREE Newsletters >. Early 21st-century population estimates indicated some 90,000 individuals of Cree descent. Cree live in areas from Alberta to Québec in the Subarctic and Plains regions, a geographic distribution larger than that of any other Indigenous group in Canada. Canadian Geographic is a magazine of The Royal Canadian Geographical Society. Corrections? November 11, 1975 – The federal government, the Quebec provincial government and representatives from each of the James Bay Cree communities sign the first of the “modern treaties,” the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement . /* 728x15 link ad */ Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login).
The Royal Canadian Geographical Society is dedicated to making Canada better known to Canadians, and the world. Reportedly divided into 12 independent bands, each with its own chief, the Plains Cree also had a military system that integrated and organized warriors from all the bands. google_ad_client = "pub-8872632675285158"; The Cree soon become middlemen, establishing treaties with other First Nations, notably the Plains Assiniboine and the Blackfoot. 1991 – Under the direction of Grand Chief Matthew Coon Come, the Cree launch a protest of the Great Whale project. Indian names for dogs This term is later shortened and came to be used to refer to all Cree. Over time the territory will be divided into several Canadian provinces, including Ontario, Quebec north of the Laurentians, Manitoba, most of Saskatchewan, southern Alberta and what is now eastern Nunavut. The RCGS is a registered charity. 126 112 23. Under the agreement the Cree receive $225 million in compensation and give up their claim to certain land in northern Quebec. Fears of witchcraft and a respect for a variety of taboos and customs relating to the spirits of game animals pervaded historical Cree culture; shamans wielded great power. Reserves are lands that belong to the Crees and are under their control. Nonetheless, the province is still legally required to negotiate a treaty covering the territory, even as construction continues. 1600s - As French explorers move westward in the early 17th century, they encounter the Swampy Cree, whom they call the ‘Cristinaux,’ an Ojibwa word denoting a member of a band living south of James Bay. Click here to learn more. 56 57 9. //-->.